Interventional radiology for the obstetric patient

Abstract

Purpose of review To discuss the recent results of the use of interventional radiology modalities treating postpartum hemorrhage (PPH).

Recent findings PPH still is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. An important risk factor for the development of PPH is the placenta accreta spectrum. In patients with placenta accreta, we can use prophylactic balloon occlusion of the common or internal iliac artery or abdominal aorta to prevent PPH. Balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta seems to ensure better results than balloon occlusion of the iliac artery in terms of blood loss, transfusion rate and hysterectomy rate reduction with a minimal risk of complications. To treat PPH uterine artery embolization can be effective and potentially fertility-sparing, while having a low complication rate.

Summary The use of aortic balloon occlusion catheters for the prevention of PPH and uterine artery embolization for the treatment of PPH are well tolerated and feasible options for patients with placenta accreta spectrum.

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